The North Atlantic Ocean Is in a State of Reduced Overturning

In previous Article presented here we took a look at the AMOC (Atlantic Meridional Overturning Circulation) on data sets available.
Carrying on from this we now have supporting evidence to suggest a slowdown and shift in this pattern.

Geophysical Research Letters Volume 45, Issue 3
Research Letter Open Access
The North Atlantic Ocean Is in a State of Reduced Overturning
D. A. Smeed S. A. Josey C. Beaulieu W. E. Johns B. I. Moat … See all authors
First published: 29 January 2018
Cited by: 2

The Atlantic Meridional Overturning Circulation (AMOC) is responsible for a variable and climatically important northward transport of heat. Using data from an array of instruments that span the Atlantic at 26°N, we show that the AMOC has been in a state of reduced overturning since 2008 as compared to 2004–2008. This change of AMOC state is concurrent with other changes in the North Atlantic such as a northward shift and broadening of the Gulf Stream and altered patterns of heat content and sea surface temperature. These changes resemble the response to a declining AMOC predicted by coupled climate models.


Ocean/Atmospheric coupling.

For many years AGW (Anthropogenic Global Warming)has been forced down the throats of humankind, understandably many have joined the gravy train.
As Oceans contain the greatest percentage of ALL CO2 on this planet, retention and distribution is often overlooked by the AGW “CLSN”,vast temperature swings ARE associated with ocean currents,

An article I came across in Britannica explains in detail how this function below.

Valentina Zharkova (Wave amplitude)

Today we  review and take a look at the Wave Amplitude graph produced by Prof Valentina Zharkova and her team of Scientists.


First we look at the graph and see “the medieval warm period” dated as 1400-1530 approx, there are several dates given for the Medieval warm period 950-1250, 800-1400 seem to be the years cited by many outlets, the above suggests 1350-1530? I see no connection to the MWP around these dates. However we did see a peak in temps around 1500 + 1720 during the colder period after the medieval optimum, LIA, see below.


This peak is visible in the Zharkova graph (G1) but does not depict the MWP. We then see from the graph (G2) another peak around 1720 that does not fit in the graph of Zharkova in (G1), as these peaks were of similar strength (1500+1720) expectations would be; the Dynamic strength of the Wave Amplitude should be similar in (G1), they are not, peak in 1900 fits the Zharkova graph modern Maxima (G1+G2).

The wave Amplitude in (G1) “reduction in wave amplitude” fits the Maunder Minimum of 1645-1715 above, However the Dalton event of solar cycle 4-7 does not fit (1790-1830 or 1796-1820).

Let us take a look at the Graph with all the details i have overlaid below. (G3)


Note the Maunder does fit, however the wave amplitude suggests weaker cycles from 1715-1770, 40 years prior to the Dalton. Overlaying the solar cycles onto the Wave Amp graph indeed does suggest cycle 25 will be the start of the Eddy Minimum lasting at least 5-6 cycles before an increase in wave Amplitude around 2100 however does not suggest a second Amplitude crossover (cancel out) as we seen during the late 1700’s, solar cycle 25 will be a positive magnetic polar north.

Looking at the cycle progression (sunspot graphs) we can also see that there is no obvious connection in wave amplitude and strength of the cycle, as 3/4/8/9/11/18/19/21 cycles were the strongest cycles, however (G1) suggests 3/4/8/19 were not the strongest in wave amplitude.

We should not therefore associate sunspot groupings or cycle magnitude with the “WAVE AMPLITUDE” as this is a very poor fit, However there is an obvious long term correlation to a weak and strong wave Amplification over the last 700 years of reconstructed observations, that show cyclic behaviour of the Toroidal and Magnetic fields, moreover the reconstruction suggests a “cancellation” around solar cycle 26 commencement around 2030 (± 3 years), although there is some differences in Dates within (G1) it does not take away from the overall progression of reconstructed wave Amplification which could take place at cycle 25/26 leading to a significant reduction in Plasma density, speed and dynamic pressure leaving the corona, resulting in significant reductions in land and sea temperatures. Of course as with every reconstructed scientific theorems we need to see the results play out, if indeed they do then this is a major leap forward in the understanding of solar cycles and magnetohydrodynamics, we must also correlate Land and Sea temperatures to this theory also as the connection must be valid with all the other feedbacks of  solar activity, Sunspots, Plasma wind density, speed, Proton Flux, F10.7cm flux, Coronal mass ejections, flares etc must all be connected to the Wave Amplitude.

Growing food “The Russian Way”

During times of low solar activity heading into a new era of Global cooling one should seek the very best information with regards to survival, we all need sustenance to energies our metabolism and go about the “recovery” period.

 Millions of Russians commute to rural dacha gardens from May to September. While some Russians do have a garden by their primary home (ogoro), many more commute an hour or more to reach the family’s dacha garden.Working with an average space of 6 sotkas (600 square metres, or about 6458 square feet) and a growing seasons of less than 120 days north of Moscow, Russian dacha gardeners (dachniks) provide half of Russia’s food supply by working hard, making the most of what they have, and generously sharing the bounty with one another.

The following article Written by Barbara Pleasant Takes us through the several very interesting methods used, inclusive is a small video actually taken in a dacha Garden.

Lets go to the dacha